Home Preschool Curriculum Guide

Developed by Fran Wisniewski for UniversalPreschool.com
With Contributions and Editing by Diane Flynn Keith

Developing Motor Skills

There are a variety of activities you can do at home that correlate with the cognitive developmental stage of 2-5 year olds and the typical preschool course of study. Preschool educators say children ages 2-5 should have certain motor skills in order to begin formal academic learning in the school or homeschool environment. Here are the skills they identify:

A child should be able to:

Here are some activities you can do to help your preschooler develop these motor skills.

Developing Motor Skills

Build An Obstacle Course!

One way to improve motor skills, get some exercise, and help your child learn vocabulary and concepts needed for reading readiness skills is to build and use an obstacle course.

Take A Hike!

Developing Specific Motor Skills


Walk A Straight Line



Alternate Feet Walking Down Stairs


Stand On One Foot for 5-10 Seconds

Walk Backwards for Five Feet

Clap Hands

Recognizing Fingers

Get the book The Eentsy, Weentsy Spider: Fingerplays and Action Rhymes by Joanna Cole.

Buttoning and Zipping

Get a dress up doll such as Gund Baby 'Teach Me' Princess for girls and Gund Fireman 'Teach Me' for boys that help kids learn to button, unbutton, tie shoe laces, zip and unzip and more.

Throwing a Ball

Drawing and Coloring

Guess What I Drew?

Materials: Put stickers, stamps or glue pictures onto index cards.

How to play: Have a player choose a card from the deck. (The player should not show anyone else the card!) Then the player should try to sketch or draw the object that is on the card onto a piece of paper with a pencil or crayons. When the player has finished drawing the picture, let the other players guess what the picture is in turn. Everyone should have a turn to guess what the player drew. When everyone has had a chance to guess, the player can reveal the card they picked. There are no winners or losers here, just guesses. Then, the play passes to the next player.

Controlling a Pencil or Crayon

Copying Simple Shapes

Cutting Simple Shapes With Scissors

Pasting Objects

Building with Blocks

Materials: You will need brown paper grocery bags, newspaper, and strong tape like masking or shipping/packing tape.

Directions: Take a standard-sized grocery paper bag and lay it on a flat surface like a table or the floor. Fold the top of the bag over about 6" to 8" and make a crease in the bag on the fold line. Then, open the bag and stuff it with individual sheets of crumpled newspapers. Then, fold the bag on the crease line to close it, and tape it shut securely. You can decorate the bag-blocks if you want -- or just get busy and build forts, towers, tunnels, and whatever else your imagination inspires.

Matching Simple Objects

Completing Simple Puzzles (5 pieces or less)

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